NASA and eight partner nations sign Artemis Accords

Pablo Tucker
October 16, 2020

The new accords, according to a NASA release, "establish a practical set of principles to guide space exploration cooperation among nations participating in the agency's 21st century lunar exploration plans".

A different worldwide framework, the Outer Space Treaty, has been ratified by over 100 countries but does not set rules on resource extraction, while the United Nations' so-called Moon Agreement bars individuals and businesses from claiming possession of celestial bodies but has not been ratified by leading spacefaring countries such as the United States, Russia, China and Japan.

Worldwide cooperation on travel to the moon got a new rulebook on Tuesday, and Canada is on board.

NASA announced that 8 countries, including the United States, have formed an global coalition known as the Artemis Agreements, committed to standardizing exploration on the lunar surface.

It is also noted that worldwide cooperation on "Artemis" is directed not only to promote space exploration, but also to strengthen peaceful relations between countries.

NASA, which is leading the Artemis program, is planning to send the first woman and next man to the surface of the Moon in 2024. In response, the Outer Space Treaty was enacted in 1967, which ensured that space remained free for exploration and use by all nations, for peaceful purposes only.

Nasa and eight partner nations have signed up to the Artemis Accords to bolster space exploration and enhance peaceful relationships.

The principles put forward by the Artemis Accord are mentioned below.

"More work is needed to further solidify the framework for deep-space exploration activities, both nationally and internationally".

Science minister Amanda Solloway said: "The prospect of the first woman landing on the Moon in the coming years will be a source of inspiration for thousands of young people across the United Kingdom who may be considering a career in space or science".

The terms set in the Artemis Accords apply for moon exploration in this decade and set the precedent for a historic expedition to Mars in the 2030s.

"We are operationalizing the Outer Space Treaty for the purposes of creating the broadest, most inclusive, largest coalition of human spaceflight in the history of humankind", Bridenstine said.

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