Hantavirus: Types of diseases spread by the virus found in rodents

Henrietta Brewer
March 25, 2020

A Chinese man who died mysteriously while traveling to Shandong province for work tested positive for hantavirus. He was tested positive for #hantavirus on Monday and other 32 people on bus were tested.

According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantaviruses. If one gets infected with the virus after ingesting fluids of the infected host, he/she may experience Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).

News of the death comes just as the country is lifting quarantines implemented to deal with the novel coronavirus that originated in Wuhan. But Hantavirus is NOT airborne and cannot spread easily.

Usually, this virus only infects rodents, and human beings can get infected only if they come in contact with the urine, feces or saliva of rodents.

However, with Hantavirus as the new deadly virus after coronavirus, here we bring you some of the most important precautions that you should take to prevent its spreading.

Rodent carriers can shed the virus in their urine, droppings and saliva, persistently or intermittently.

The first thing you need to know is that it is caused by rodents.

After the coronavirus outbreak in India, people around the world have been cautious regarding medical cases, safety and health.

According to the Ontario Ministry of Health, the disease has been reported in North America since 1993. The Hantavirus has been around for years, but the CDC says there is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection. "Human-human transmission is rare", Swedish scientist Dr Sumaiya Shaikh tweeted.

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever, and muscle aches, along with headaches, dizziness, chills and abdominal problems.

A series of laboratory tests had failed to identify any of the deaths as caused by a known disease, such as the bubonic plague. It is transmitted to humans by rodents such as mice and rats.

In 1981, a new genus termed as "hantavirus" was introduced in the Bunyaviridae family, which included the viruses that cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

However, cases of person-to-person transmission have been reported, though rarely, in Chile and Argentina.

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