Antibiotics are often misused

Henrietta Brewer
November 20, 2019

Its aim is to increase the global use of antibiotics in the Access category (narrow-spectrum, more specific antibiotic) to 60% and reduce the use of antibiotics in the Watch and Reserve groups as these are most at risk from resistance [8]. Many more die from complications from antibiotic-resistant infections.

Jayne Lee, R.N., Moore Regional's Director of Infection Control and Patient Safety recently received a fellowship from the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, and Gibson was recently board certified in infectious diseases pharmacy. Those that survive the drug assault become resistant.

75% of the health burden of antibiotic resistance in the EU/EEA is due to healthcare-associated infections, and over 50% of healthcare-associated infections are estimated to be preventable.

An increasing number of common infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea and salmonellosis are becoming harder to treat as antibiotics become less effective. Aspects as basic as correct handwashing to more technical action such as isolation and identification of drug resistant bacteria and their targeted treatment are critical. These infections now join Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile), Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae on the shortlist of urgent infections.

When they are misused or over-prescribed, it may lead to resistance, meaning they may no longer work for issues like infections, and your body may not respond to them anymore. However, in some circumstances, some bacteria that caused the disease (or other bacteria that may not have been involved) are not destroyed by the antibiotic. Then there is CRE, which has now been nicknamed the "nightmare bacteria" because it tends to resist nearly every currently available antibiotic.

In addition to the germs that have been ranked by threat level, the CDC has now also added a "Watch List" of potentially threatening bugs. This includes using them for things like coughs and colds where they will have no effect.

"The report reiterates that this is not a stagnant problem-that we have to be ever vigilant because it does change".

· Get the facts about antibiotics. Since the discovery of antibiotics in 1929 by Alexander Fleming, they have arguably become one of the most influential medical advancements in history, but overuse in both humans and animals now threatens to undo nearly a century of progress [2, 3]. Taking a different antibiotic could result in absolute failure of the antibiotic. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 30 percent of outpatient antibiotics, or 47 million prescriptions, are unnecessarily prescribed in human medicine each year. What would seem an obvious solution is the development of new antibiotics, but it is not. Why?

"We've succeeded in the past". "We still have the capacity and the ability to do it today, but we need the political will and adequate resources-because now, we are losing the battle".

For one, more people should do more to prevent infections in the first place.

Antibiotics are a medical marvel that has saved millions of lives around the world, but they must be properly and safely prescribed for humans and animals to ensure that they remain effective in treating diseases and illnesses. "You and I are living in a time when some miracle drugs no longer perform miracles, and families are being ripped apart by a microscopic enemy".

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