World Tuberculosis Day observed on March 24

Henrietta Brewer
March 24, 2017

The World Tuberculosis Day or you can simply say the World TB Day is meant to spread awareness about the risky disease tuberculosis (TB) and its effects.

Third, in the context of rapidly changing global aid, predictable and sustainable funding is required to ensure adequate and uninterrupted supply of TB diagnostics materials and essential medicines thus there is the need to increase domestic funding to safeguard the achievements made so far.

Malaysia is classified as a country with an intermediate TB burden - the notification rate for TB was 79.4 cases per 100,000 population in 2015.

But, migration and travel mean that highly drug-resistant TB strains have emerged in nearly every part of the world. We actively need to find the missing TB patients if we are to deal with the TB disease in Uganda.

A valuable lesson was provided by the the recent past, when after decades of declining TB rates, there was a resurgence of TB cases in the mid-1980s to early 1990s due to the confluence of different factors, including the spread of the HIV virus, increases in immigration of people from TB-endemic countries, and development of drug-resistant TB.

"TB strikes some of the world's poorest people hardest", said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General.

In Singapore, however, virtually all patients with TB and even the rare few with MDR-TB have access to quality care, with social support provided to low-income patients to maximise the likelihood of treatment completion.

However, the discovery of Dr. Robber Koch was beneficial as it helped a lot in the prevention of the disease and also show the right way for diagnosis of TB. It remains the most deadly infectious disease in the world. It should be noted that the number of tuberculosis cases have been on the rise for two consecutive years now.

Around one in five cases are now resistant to at least one of the main TB drugs.

With regular and complete treatment, TB is a curable disease.

It adds, "XDR tuberculosis has evolved in several tuberculosis-endemic countries to drug-incurable or programmatically incurable tuberculosis [totally drug-resistant]".

New technologies like fluorescent microscopy and a rapid test called Gene Xpert MTB/RIF®, have been recommended by WHO. XDR-TB was first widely publicised in 2006 following an outbreak in the rural hospital of Tugela Ferry when 53 patients were found to have XDR-TB, of which 52 died within 16 days of the sputum specimen collection.

Other countries are partnering with researchers to speed development of diagnostic tests, drugs and vaccines, and to improve delivery. Treatment for TB is a lengthy process, in which patients take four drugs-isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide-over 6 to 9 months.

This is the second year of a two-year "Unite to End TB" campaign for World TB Day. By employing mobile clinics and platforms, health-care workers can find, diagnose and treat patients before they seek out clinics themselves - a technique called active case finding.

Within the overall framework of the One UN, WHO Rwanda is committed to sustain its support to Government of Rwanda in its quest to reach zero TB cases in the country. It is estimated to kill 4,80,000 Indians every year although it is now believed that these numbers are underrepresented and that the mortality could be around 5,00,000 a year. It is recognized in order to spread public awareness about the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB). The vast majority of TB cases can be cured when medicines are provided and taken properly.

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