Federal Bureau of Investigation releases annual report on hate crimes

Cheryl Sanders
November 15, 2017

However, these numbers likely represent only a fraction of such cases, given that reporting hate crimes to the Federal Bureau of Investigation is not mandatory. In 2014 and 2015, Santa Cruz's hate crimes rate was lower, but still three to four times the state average.

The Anti-Defamation League has mapped the hate crime incidents that were reported in cities with populations of more than 100,000 and includes information on reported hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity biases.

"When a presidential candidate openly vilifies immigrants, Muslims, Latinos, women, and the LGBT community, and empowers bigotry and hatred, it's not surprising that people will act out in their hate", said Arreguin.


The report differentiated between crimes against trans Americans and those who are gender-nonconforming: Anti-trans crimes increased from 73 to 105 between 2015 and 2016, a jump of almost 43%.

The raw number of incidents increased 4.6 percent from 2015, when there were 5,850 criminal incidents and 6,885 related offenses.

Of the hate crimes reported in South Dakota, six were based on a victim's race or ethnicity, five were based on sexual orientation and three were based on a victim's disability. In 2016, 684 anti-Jewish incidents were reported - more than the rest of the religiously motivated hate crimes combined. Of these reported offenses, nearly 25 percent were rooted in an anti-Islamic, anti-Muslim bias. Anti-Islamic hate crimes made up 24.8 percent of those crimes in 2016, up from 22.2 percent the year before. Half of those incidents were targeted at African Americans, while a further 20.5 percent were attributable to anti-white bias. But the city's small population, just 7,200 residents, means that just one extra hate crime per year can bump it's rate up by 13 points, making comparison with larger cities hard.


It was the second year in a row the number of reported hate crimes has increased, after a slight decrease from 2013 to 2014. Yet, of those same 124 incidents, 105 targeted transgender people, an increase of 44 percent from 2015.

Again, there are several flaws in the data - including varying numbers of police departments reporting incidents every year.

"The Department of Justice is committed to ensuring that individuals can live without fear of being a victim of violent crime based on who they are, what they believe, or how they worship", said Attorney General Jeff Sessions in a statement.


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