Bengaluru girl urges Modi to declare chronic type 1 diabetes a disability

Henrietta Brewer
November 14, 2017

"There is evidence of an epidemiological transition, with diabetes prevalence being higher in low socio-economic groups of urban areas in more economically developed states", Dr Tanvir Kaur, deputy director general, Indian Council of Medical Research, who was part of the research team that conducted India's largest community-based diabetes study, said, the Hindustan Times reported. Accordingly, "Women and Diabetes-Our Right to a Healthy Future" is the theme of World Diabetes Day 2017, to be held on 14 November, promoted by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF).

"Awareness and early intervention of pre-diabetes play a critical role in our fight against diabetes".

According to World Health Organization, diabetes caused 1.5 million deaths in 2012.

About 430,000, or 14 per cent, of Singaporeans aged 18 to 69 years old are diagnosed with pre-diabetes, a condition in which the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

As per the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 199 million women are now living with diabetes and this total is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040. The number of people in the Americas with this disease has tripled since 1980. Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. "Adult-onset" type-2 diabetes occurs when the body can not use insulin produced efficiently because of metabolic reasons, forcing the pancreas to overwork and finally stop production.

The distinction lies in what is causing the lack of insulin - often described as the key, that allows glucose to unlock the door to the cells. But, adults suffering type 1 diabetes can find it harder to recognise their symptoms. This type is usually not preventable, but can be managed.

Making some basic lifestyle changes that contribute to weight loss and healthy living can decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes. Through this assessment, visitors can also learn how lifestyle choices and family history help determine the ultimate risk for developing the disease. "While there is a distinct rise in the use of newer oral drugs and insulin analogues, affordability and accessibility of anti-diabetic therapy for low socio-economic stratum remains inadequate".

Diabetes affects both women and men in the Americas (8.4% of women and 8.6% of men).

During pregnancy, women can develop gestational diabetes, which increases the risk of complications.

In the Americas, noncommunicable diseases-principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases-are responsible for approximately 80% of all deaths, 35% of which are premature deaths in people between the ages of 30 and 70. Some also suffer from male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.

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