What's the Matter? Scientists Spot the Missing Part of the Universe

Pablo Tucker
October 12, 2017

In their studies, two teams of scientists used the cosmological Lambda-Cold Dark Matter model, which stipulates that dark matter and dark energy comprise more than 95 percent of the universe, while the remaining 4.6 percent include the ordinary (Baryonic) matter consisting of protons, neutrons and electrons.

The community of scientist has always been hunting for a link to the missing matter of universe that is mysterious thing throughout the planet and gravitational pull. This successful detection of baryonic matters will definitely help to get more information about the dark matter.

The new study confirmed that the missing ordinary matter can be discovered in the form of filaments of these diffuse gasses, which link the galaxies. Two independent teams of astronomers, one at the Institute of Space Astrophysics (IAS) in Orsay, France and the other from the University of Edinburgh, recently released studies that outline how they uncovered this missing matter and where it may be.

Astrophysicists will get a base to put a theory disclosing that how much amount of that matter gets up out of the stars and glows clouds of gas after studying the emitted light. This breakthrough confirms what scientists have suspected for decades.

So the two groups had to find another way to definitively show that these threads of gas are really there. Both teams of researchers used the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect concept and used data on pairs of galaxies taken from catalogs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

In 2015, the European Space Agency's Planck satellite mapped much of this effect throughout the observable universe. But, after calculating the density and composition of the Universe from measurements of the cosmic microwave background and from nuclear reactions following the Big Bang, it was found that a vast proportion of this material appeared to be missing.

They then overlaid maps of Planck signals corresponding with the regions of interest. These photons are scattered when they pass through galaxies and the electrons which surround them.

Baryons are subatomic particles made up of three even smaller particles called quarks, which are the fundamental building blocks of much of the universe's matter. This phenomenon allowed the researchers to see strands of matter that are normally far too dim to observe.

"The missing baryon problem is solved", Tanimura told the magazine.

'If this factor is included, our findings are very consistent with the other group. "This goes a long way toward showing that many of our ideas of how galaxies form and how structures form over the history of the universe are pretty much correct", said Ralph Kraft, a professor at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in MA.

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